Prepared Insect Training Tool for 4-H Entomology

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Common Name Order Host or Location Significance
Silverfish Thysanura Trunk, closet Pest
Mayflies Ephemeroptera Near water Inconsequential
Black-winged damselfly Odonata Stream Beneficial
Green darner Odonata Stream Beneficial
Stoneflies Plecoptera Near water Inconsequential
Banded-winged grasshoppers Orthoptera Pasture Pest
Differential grasshopper Orthoptera Pasture Pest
Long-horned grasshoppers  Orthoptera Shrubs/grass Pest
Field cricket Orthoptera Buildings Pest
Mole crickets Orthoptera Sandy soil Pest
True katydid Orthoptera Trees Pest
American cockroach Blattodea House Pest
German cockroach Blattodea House Pest
Oriental cockroach Blattodea House Pest
Praying mantids Mantodea Shrubs, vegetation Beneficial
Walkingsticks Phasmatodea Shrubs, vegetation Pest
Earwigs Dermaptera Ground trash Pest
Termites Isoptera Wood, stumps Pest
Barklice Psocoptera Tree trunk Pest
Chicken head louse Phthiraptera (Mallophaga) Poultry Pest
Head louse Phthiraptera (Anoplura) Humans Pest
Hog louse Phthiraptera (Anoplura) Swine Pest
Short-nosed cattle louse Phthiraptera (Anoplura) Cattle Pest
Ambush bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Flowers Beneficial
Assassin bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Field crops Beneficial
Backswimmer Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Pond Beneficial
Bed bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Humans Pest
Big-eyed bugs Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Field crops Beneficial
Boxelder bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Boxelder trees Pest
Burrower bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Grasses, peanuts Pest
Chinch bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Grass Pest
Cotton fleahopper Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Cotton Pest
False chinch bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Sorghum Pest
Giant water bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Water, ponds Pest
Green stink bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Weeds Pest
Harlequin bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Cole crops Pest
Large milkweed bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Milkweed Beneficial
Leaffooted bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Plants, weeds Pest
Minute pirate bugs Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Insects Beneficial
Squash bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Squash Pest
Tarnished plant bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Plants, weeds Pest
Toad bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Shoreline Beneficial
Water boatman Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Pond Beneficial
Water scorpions Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Stream Beneficial
Water striders Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Pond Beneficial
Wheel bug Hemiptera (Heteroptera) Vegetation Beneficial
Cicadas Hemiptera (Auchenorrhyncha) Trees Pest
Leafhoppers Hemiptera (Auchenorrhyncha) Grasses Pest
Planthoppers Hemiptera (Auchenorrhyncha) Various plants Pest
Spittlebugs Hemiptera (Auchenorrhyncha) Alfalfa Pest
Treehoppers Hemiptera (Auchenorrhyncha) Trees Pest
Aphids Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha) Corn, sorghum Pest
Greenbug Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha) Small grains Pest
Pecan phylloxera Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha) Pecans Pest
Psyllids Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha) Potato Pest
Scales, armored Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha) Trees, shrubs Pest
Scales, soft Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha) Ornamental trees Pest
Whiteflies Hemiptera (Sternorrhyncha) Vegetables, cotton Pest
Thrips Thysanoptera Flowers Variable
Dobsonflies Megaloptera Stream Beneficial
Antlions Neuroptera Plants Beneficial
Brown lacewings Neuroptera Insects Beneficial
Green lacewings Neuroptera Insects Beneficial
Mantispids (Mantidflies) Neuroptera Woodlots Beneficial
Owlflies Neuroptera At lights Beneficial
Alfalfa weevil Coleoptera Alfalfa Pest
Blister beetles Coleoptera Plants, alfalfa, weeds Pest
Boll weevil Coleoptera Cotton Pest
Carpet beetles Coleoptera Wool carpets Pest
Carrion beetles Coleoptera Dead animals Beneficial
Caterpillar hunter  Coleoptera Woodland Beneficial
Click beetles Coleoptera Corn, field crops Pest
Colorado potato beetle Coleoptera Potatoes Pest
Confused flour beetle Coleoptera Stored grain Pest
Cottonwood borer Coleoptera Cottonwood trees Pest
Elm leaf beetle Coleoptera Elm trees Pest

Fireflies (lightningbugs)

Coleoptera Weeds Inconsequential
Flat-headed borer (Metallic wood borer) Coleoptera Trees Pest
Flea beetles Coleoptera Weeds Pest
Japanese beetle Coleoptera Crops Pest
Lady beetles Coleoptera Weeds Beneficial
Lesser grain borer Coleoptera Stored grain Pest
Locust borer Coleoptera Black locust Pest
Maize weevil (rice weevil) Coleoptera Stored grain Pest
May beetles (June beetles  or Junebugs) Coleoptera Shrubs Pest
Mealworm Coleoptera Stored grain Pest
Plum curculio Coleoptera Peaches Pest
Predaceous diving beetles Coleoptera Ponds Beneficial
Rove beetles Coleoptera At lights Inconsequential
Sawtoothed grain beetle Coleoptera Stored grain Pest
Soldier beetles Coleoptera Flowers Inconsequential
Spotted cucumber beetle Coleoptera Weeds Pest
Sweet potato weevil Coleoptera Sweet potatoes Pest
Tiger beetles Coleoptera Shady trails Beneficial
Tumbling flower beetles Coleoptera On flowers Inconsequential
Water scavenger beetles Coleoptera Stream Inconsequential
Whirlygig beetles  Coleoptera Stream Inconsequential
Scorpionflies Mecoptera Plants Inconsequential
Fleas Siphonaptera Cat, dog Pest
Bee flies Diptera Flowers Beneficial
Black flies Diptera Stream Pest
Blow flies Diptera Carrion Variable
Common cattle grub Diptera Cattle Pest
Crane flies Diptera Meadow Inconsequential
Deer  fly Diptera Woodlands Pest
Flesh flies Diptera Carrion Pest
Horn fly Diptera Cattle Pest
Horse fly Diptera Woodlands Pest
House fly Diptera Barn Pest
Mosquitoes Diptera Yard and meadow Pest
Robber flies Diptera Woodlands Beneficial
Sheep keds Diptera Sheep Pest
Sorghum midge Diptera Sorghum Pest
Stable fly Diptera Cattle Pest
Syrphid fly (flower fly) Diptera Flowers Beneficial
Caddisflies Trichoptera Near stream Inconsequential
Alfalfa caterpillar (clouded sulfur) Lepidoptera Alfalfa Pest
Armyworm Lepidoptera Grasses Pest
Bagworm Lepidoptera Juniper Pest
Black swallowtail Lepidoptera Carrots, weeds Pest
Bollworm or corn earworm Lepidoptera Cotton, corn, others Pest
Buckeye Lepidoptera Plantain Inconsequential
Cabbage butterflies Lepidoptera Cole crops Pest
Cabbage looper Lepidoptera General feeder Pest
Cecropia Lepidoptera Oak Pest
Cutworms Lepidoptera General feeder Pest
Fall armyworm Lepidoptera Grasses Pest
Fall webworm Lepidoptera Pecans Pest
Forest tent caterpillar Lepidoptera Broad-leaved trees Pest
Giant swallowtail Lepidoptera Citrus Pest
Gray hairstreak (Cotton square borer) Lepidoptera Cotton Pest
Great leopard moth Lepidoptera Weeds Inconsequential
Greater wax moth Lepidoptera Beehive Pest
Indianmeal moth Lepidoptera Stored grain Pest
Io moth Lepidoptera Trees, corn Pest
Luna moth Lepidoptera Oak Pest
Monarch Lepidoptera Milkweed Pest
Mourningcloak butterfly Lepidoptera Willow Inconsequential
Peach tree borer Lepidoptera Peach trees Pest
Pecan nut casebearer Lepidoptera Pecans Pest
Pink bollworm Lepidoptera Cotton Pest
Polyphemus Lepidoptera Oaks Pest
Question mark Lepidoptera Elms Pest
Red admiral Lepidoptera Nettles Inconsequential
Saltmarsh caterpillar Lepidoptera Grasses, weeds Pest
Silver‑spotted skipper Lepidoptera Black locust Inconsequential
Sorghum webworm Lepidoptera Sorghum Pest
Southwestern corn borer Lepidoptera Grain crops Pest
Tiger swallowtail Lepidoptera Cherry Pest
Tomato hornworm  Lepidoptera Tomatoes Pest
Underwing moths Lepidoptera Trees Inconsequential
Viceroy Lepidoptera Poplar Inconsequential
Wood nymph Lepidoptera Thick woods Inconsequential
Baldfaced hornet Hymenoptera Woodlands Pest
Bumblebees Hymenoptera Meadow Beneficial
Carpenter bees Hymenoptera Fence posts Pest
Cicada killer Hymenoptera Soil Beneficial
Honeybee Hymenoptera Flowers Beneficial
Horntails Hymenoptera Logs Pest
Ichneumon wasps Hymenoptera Flowers Beneficial
Leafcutting bees Hymenoptera Flowers Pest
Mud daubers Hymenoptera Buildings Beneficial
Red harvester ant Hymenoptera Pastures Pest
Red imported fire ant Hymenoptera Pastures, lawns Pest
Sawflies Hymenoptera Pest
Tarantula hawk Hymenoptera Woodlands Beneficial
Texas leafcutting ant Hymenoptera Woodlands Pest
Velvet ants Hymenoptera Soil Pest
Yellowjackets Hymenoptera House eaves Pest
Brown dog tick Acarina Dog Pest
Fowl tick (blue bug) Acarina Poultry Pest
Lone star tick Acarina Cattle Pest
Spider mites Acarina Plants Pest
Crab spiders Araneae Flowers Beneficial
Jumping spiders Araneae Garden Beneficial
Recluse spiders Araneae Board piles Pest
Tarantulas Araneae Soil Beneficial
Widow spiders Araneae Woodlots Pest
Wolf spiders Araneae Under rocks Beneficial
Yellow garden spider Araneae Garden Beneficial
Scorpions Scorpiones Log piles Pest
Sun spiders (Wind scorpions) Solifugae Arid regions Inconsequential
Vinegaroons Thelyphonida Arid regions Pest
Centipedes Class Chilopoda Pest
Millipedes Class Diplopoda Leaf litter Pest
Springtails Collembola Surface of puddles Variable
Sowbugs and pillbugs Isopoda Compost Pest

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